Although cotton was king for over two hundred years in Georgia, production decreased after WWII thanks to the boll weevil, a decrease in the market price, and changes in traditional farming practices. Today’s cotton production is often done by large corporations using equipment guided by satellites.
After the Civil War, most farmers in Georgia continued to plant cotton as their main crop. Many farmers did not own their land outright and practiced sharecropping, in which they provided the labor to grow the crop for a share of the profits. Sadly, sharecroppers never got rich; most barely broke even. This photo taken in 1945, shows children in Brooks County, Georgia, picking cotton. Note the bags over their shoulder.